Modernism in Catalonia

Modernisme (Catalan for modernism) also known, in English, as Catalan modernism, was the Catalan equivalent to a number of fin-de-siècle art movements, such as Symbolism, Decadence and Art Nouveau / Jugendstil, from roughly 1888 to 1911. The modernisme movement was centred on the city of Barcelona, and its best-known exponent was the architect Antoni Gaudí.

Modernisme was a cultural movement led by deeply individualistic and anti-traditionalist intellectuals who, roughly from 1888 (the First International Exposition of Barcelona) to 1911 (the death of Joan Maragall, the most important Modernista poet), attempted to update Catalan arts and ideas so as to uplift Catalan culture to a par with other European cultures. Such renewal included a distinctive style of Art Nouveau in architecture and plastic arts, but also the introduction of Symbolism, Decadence, Nietzschean Vitalism, Parnassianism and other contemporaneous movements into Catalan literature and philosophy, a modernizing transformation of Catalan traditional music, and so forth.

Antoni Gaudí is the best-known architect of this movement. Other influential architects were Lluís Domènech i Montaner and Josep Puig i Cadafalch, and later Josep Maria Jujol and Enrique Nieto. Notable painters from the movement include the abovementioned Santiago Rusiñol and Ramon Casas.

Some of the works of Catalan Modernism have been listed by UNESCO as Cultural Heritage of Humanity

By Lluis Domenech i Montaner: Palacio de la Música Catalana - Hospital de Sant Pau

Antoni Gaudí: Park Guell - Guell Palace - Facade of the Nativity and crypt in the Temple of the Sagrada Familia - Batlló - Casa Mila - Casa Vicens - Crypt of Colonia Güell in Santa Coloma de Cervello.